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SST, Planetscale and Drizzle ORM

March 8, 2023

A few weeks back SST released their 2.0 version. It is a (almost?) complete rewrite of their framework, which I wanted to try it out.

In this post I will show you how to use the SST 2.0 to build a serverless API with a serverless MySQL database hosted on Planetscale and a Drizzle ORM. We will implement the database structure as this SST Guide: How to use PlanetScale in your serverless app, but adapt it for SST 2.0 and add Drizzle ORM on top for typesafe database queries.

Code available here: Github repository.

Let’s go!

Before we get started, you need the following tools installed

1. Create the Planetscale table

First we create our counter table

    counter VARCHAR
) PRIMARY KEY, tally INT);
INSERT INTO counter (counter, tally)
VALUES ('hits', 0);

2. Store SST secret

Our main secret in this project is the planetscale password. We store it in the SST secret store.


3. Create SST project

Now we create our SST project

pnpx create-sst@latest --template=base/example magnusscale
cd magnusscale
pnpm install

4. Our stack

Then we define our stack. Here we create 3 references.

// stacks/MagnusScaleStack.ts
import { Api, Config, StackContext } from "sst/constructs";

export function MagnusScaleStack({ stack }: StackContext) {
  const PLANETSCALE_PASSWORD = new Config.Secret(stack, "PLANETSCALE_PASSWORD");
  const PLANETSCALE_USERNAME = new Config.Parameter(
      value: "<YOUR USERNAME>",
  const PLANETSCALE_HOST = new Config.Parameter(stack, "PLANETSCALE_HOST", {
    value: "",

  // Create an HTTP API
  const api = new Api(stack, "Api", {
    routes: {
      "POST /": "packages/functions/src/lambda.handler",

  // Make the secrets and config available to the lambda

  // Show the endpoint in the output
    ApiEndpoint: api.url,

5. Set up Drizzle ORM

Now we can configure our database schema to match the table we created earlier. This will allow us to get typescript types in our queries.

// packages/core/schema.ts
import { int, mysqlTable, varchar } from "drizzle-orm/mysql-core";

export const counters = mysqlTable("counter", {
  counter: varchar("counter", { length: 255 }).primaryKey(),
  tally: int("tally").notNull(),

Next we create a db.ts with the database connection and queries.

// packages/core/db.ts
import { drizzle } from "drizzle-orm/planetscale-serverless";

import { connect } from "@planetscale/database";
import { counters } from "./schema";

import { Config } from "sst/node/config";
import { eq } from "drizzle-orm/expressions";
import { sql } from "drizzle-orm/sql";

const connection = connect({
  host: Config.PLANETSCALE_HOST,
  username: Config.PLANETSCALE_USERNAME,
  password: Config.PLANETSCALE_PASSWORD,

export const db = drizzle(connection);

export async function getCounter(name: string) {
  const result = await db
    .where(eq(counters.counter, name));

  if (result.length < 1) {
    throw new Error(`No results found for counter ${name}`);

  return result[0];

export async function increaseCounter(name: string) {
  await db
      tally: sql`${counters.tally}
            + 1`,
    .where(eq(counters.counter, name));

6. The lambda function

Finally, we create our lambda function. Here we use the getCounter and increaseCounter functions from db.ts.

import { APIGatewayProxyHandlerV2 } from "aws-lambda";
import { getCounter, increaseCounter } from "../../core/db";

export const handler: APIGatewayProxyHandlerV2 = async () => {
  await increaseCounter("hits");
  const counter = await getCounter("hits");
  return {
    statusCode: 200,
    headers: { "Content-Type": "json/application" },
    body: JSON.stringify({ count: counter.tally }),

7. Deploy

If we did everything correctly, we can now deploy our app.

pnpm run dev


SST v2.1.15  ready!

➜  App:     magnusscale
   Stage:   dev

✔  Deployed:

8. Test

The endpoint output from the deploy command is the endpoint we can use to test our app:

curl -XPOST
  "count": 1

Success 🎉!


SST, Planetscale and Drizzle ORM are all great. SST 2.0 works great, and I especially enjoyed using the Secret and Config constructs. Feels a lot better than using .env files, and you get typesafety for your configuration (they might have existed pre-2.0).

I had not used Drizzle ORM or Planetscale before, but I can recommend both. The Planetscale CLI is great, and creating an account and setting up a database was easy.

Drizzle ORM was fairly easy to use, though I had some problem with getting the types in my queries right. Tough, this was probably due to my lack of experience with typescript, than anyhting else. The Drizzle team also has a tool called Drizzle Kit for handling migrations that looks great, but I have yet to try it.

Overall, I look forward to using these tools in the future.

Update (2023-03-09):

Thanks to @bloberenober on Twitter and @Alexandr from the Drizzle discord for pointing out that the increaseCounter function in db.ts can be improved slightly to ensure that the column name is correct and kept up to date.

export async function increaseCounter(name: string) {
  await db
+   tally: sql`${counters.tally} + 1`,
-   tally: sql`tally + 1`,
  .where(eq(counters.counter, name));